Basic Internet Terms

Below are basic internet terms or concepts useful for understanding what happens when searching for information in the internet. Terms are in yellow and definitions are in black.

Domain abbreviations (last three characters in URL or address)

edu - Educational institutions

com - Commercial businesses

gov - U.S. government

mil - The U.S. military

org - Other organizations

net - Network/Internet Service Providers

~ - In a URL address, means an individual is responsible for the contents

Favorites - A menu option at the top of the screen that shows any websites that have been previously saved for you to return to on a different day, much like a traditional bookmark is used for books.

Go - A command in Explorer that sits on the top of the screen with other commands. In Go, Explorer keeps track of most sites that a user has visited during a session of using Explorer. This is not saved once you quit Explorer.

Homepage - Default setting, or the page that opens up when you start your Browser. A homepage can also be the entry point for people viewing information that is provided.

Internet - Network of millions of computers used to send information back and forth to one another. No one person or group decides what can and cannot be published on the internet. This means that virtually anyone can publish, and means that there are large number of sites that contain false and misleading information. It is important to check who takes credit for the site you are viewing.

Links - Hypertext which, when clicked, connects you to another site or another page within the same site. In most cases, these links are usually highlighted in blue and are always underlined.

Online Databases - These are sites that provide access to mostly newspaper and magazine articles which are not available through Google or any other search engine.  The only way to see these articles online is to pay a fee.  Online databases are usually specialized and focus on subjects like social studies or science.

Page - What is on your screen at any given time. The page includes all the information available to you by scrolling up or down; however, when you click on hypertext your computer will 'jump' to a new page.

Printing - Printing directly off the internet wastes paper because it is difficult to tell how long a document is. Internet printing will also include graphics and images you don't need. The more pictures, fancy fonts, and images, the slower the printing will be.

To prevent slower printing jobs and save paper, copy the text you want printed, open a word processing program, paste the text into a new file, and then print.

Search Engines - Software that allows you to search the Web by typing in a topic of interest. Examples of search engines we use are Google, HotBot, and Northern Light. These search engines find exact matches from what has been typed in the search screen to either documents (files) or subjects of files on the WWW.

URL or Uniform Resource Locator - The address for a specific file on the web, as well as a method for directing users to a specific file, at a specific site. To type in a different URL, press command and L at the same time on a Macintosh computer, control and L on a PC, or locate the address bar at the top of the screen, type in the URL, and then press return. The URL for the Blaine School District Home page is: http://www.blaine.k12.wa.us.

Web Browser - To access the WWW, you need a Browser. A Web Browser is client software that gets information from a server. It interprets the information, formats it, and displays it on your computer screen. The most popular browser, and the one we use most often in Blaine, is Internet Explorer.

WWW, World Wide Web or Web - Interactive collection of hypertext pages linked to one another. They may include text, graphics and/or links to other spots in the Web. The Web is interactive because a user can click on text or graphics to navigate (move) to more information or other graphics, sounds and video that is of interest to them.

 

  HOME

| User Agreement | Basic Internet Terms | Internet Searches | Printing | Online Database Sites | Home |